Market Monitoring over the Humanitarian-Development Nexus: Connecting the COVID Marketplace & Provide Chain Monitoring Expertise In Lesotho to Livelihoods Programming

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Multiple Uses of Marketplace Monitoring

Market monitoring can be considered mainly a sector that is humanitarian, where price and food security information helps identify potential red flags requiring changes to targeting or valuation of cash and voucher assistance or direct food deliver, often built around Minimum Expenditure Baskets. However, market monitoring has a multitude of uses across the humanitarian-development nexus and within market systems and sector that is private tasks aswell.

Many Marketplace Systems developing or value string interventions count on initial or market that is one-off to identify opportunities for producers to engage with markets and access more competitive and sustainable income streams. However, market monitoring can serve a function that is similar has got the advantageous asset of monitoring styles through the regular number of information. Marketplace monitoring is extremely customizable but typically tracks regular (frequently month-to-month) styles within the rates of key meals and commodities that are non-food markets, along with elements of food security (e.g. access, availability) and livelihoods. Market assessments usually combine data from households (consumers) and local vendors, wholesalers, transporters, and other supply chain actors (suppliers) to get a more picture that is holistic of market characteristics affect various stakeholders.

Understanding exactly how neighborhood, nationwide, and worldwide areas function and communicate is consequently a step that is critical designing effective programs but also in making critical adaptations to them so that project participants can leverage their full potential. For example, monitoring market conditions over the life of a program can help practitioners to:

  • Assess how well the market is functioning and identify existing and/or potential bottlenecks (e.g. unavailability or high prices of certain commodities) that affect food security and livelihoods of consumers
  • Identify whether anticipated changes in the supply of, or demand for, key commodities risk market that is further escalating, and determine methods to mitigate the effect of these modifications
  • Design interventions that enable task participants to show market gaps into possibilities for durable and diversified livelihoods
  • Track whether programmatic reactions favorably or adversely distort local areas

Market Monitoring at CRS

CRS has two strong tools which have facilitated market monitoring achievements up to now. MARKit is a project-level market monitoring framework that guides users to recognize price that is abnormal and to understand the cause(s) driving the changes. It helps programs maintain the principle of Do No Harm and reduce or resolve impacts that are unintended market systems, including those due to the intervention and people induced by market forces outside to your system. Developed in 2015, MARKit was a feature that is central of efforts to promote market monitoring through its Bureau of Humanitarian Assistance both recommending the tool for market monitoring and incorporating the tool into their Annual Program Statement (APS) and the BHA Emergency Application Guidelines. MARKit has been used in the DRC, Nigeria, and other countries that are sub-Saharan well as utilized externally by INGOs including the Global Refugee Committee (IRC).

The Market and offer Chain (MSC) Monitoring tool was originally developed in reaction to COVID-19 and it is CRS’ light-touch and rollout that is rapid toolkit intended to flag potential issues in markets, including impacts on households, vendors, and implications of local conditions on supply chains. The MSC uses short, monthly surveys that track (1) market access, availability, and affordability of market goods at the household level; (2) prices and business challenges at the vendor level; and (3) disruptions and challenges throughout the supply chain. The main advantage of the MSC is its simplicity and ease in setting up, making it a fit that is good rapid-onset or short-term crisis situations. Developed in April 2020 in reaction to your nature that is rapidly changing of, the MSC has been implemented in 11 countries across sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Moving beyond the monitoring that is initial of, the MSC was incorporated into monitoring conflict in Ethiopia as well as the Ebola outbreak in Guinea. 

CRS Lesotho’s utilization of Market Monitoring to build up and Modify Livelihoods Programming

CRS’ Lesotho country system had been an user that is early of COVID Markets and Supply Chain Monitoring tool. The MSC was viewed as a key means to track the impacts of COVID on project participants as a landlocked country with high levels of key food and non-food items imported from neighboring South Africa. Nonetheless, after a couple of months of monitoring market styles and pinpointing prices that are persistently high key staples (like maize meal) and supply chain issues that limited the availability of vegetables (like cabbage and pulses) in the market, the team in Lesotho decided to utilize the data not just to prioritize market gaps for consumers but also as market opportunities for farmers and producers.

As part of its Green that is UNDP-funded Value (GVC) task, CRS Lesotho desired to generate sustainable green livelihoods and jobs for households influenced by COVID-19 within the target areas. Considering the fact that the MSC helps deal with meals protection obstacles market that is using for evidence-based decision making on production, marketing, and product development for farmer groups, CRS Lesotho was able to propose the MSC tool as a resource that provides regular market information supporting and identifying gaps for the GVC project. CRS Lesotho has partnered with the Lesotho National Farmers Union (LENAFU), Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MAFS), Ministry of Small Businesses, Lesotho National Development Corporation (LNDC), and Standard Lesotho Bank to share MSC data. Actors who engage directly with farmers – such as the LENAFU– shall help their people utilize the MSC market information to recognize which items to develop to make the most of high rates or supply gaps, that may enhance farmers’ livelihoods. Initial outcomes through the very first round of information collection through the MSC customer that is highlight for chicken to be processed and packaged in smaller pieces unlike the full chicken that producers usually offer; this insight will be helpful in allowing producers to optimize their profits by responding to customer preferences and engaging in value addition activities. In addition, the project will build marketing capacities using CRS’ Seven Steps of Marketing curriculum, and facilitate the establishment of farmers networking platforms, and coordinate dialogues between farmers and the sector that is privateneighborhood and nationwide purchasers, investors etc.). In this instance, up-to-date market that is commodity-specific from the MSC will enhance farmers’ likelihood of successful market engagement and ultimately improve their lives through sustainable livelihoods.

Authors: Bokang Mabitso, Leslie Otto, and Moore that is austen()